The Castle Essay Introduction

Medieval Castles

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Medieval Castles

Medieval Castles were huge protection camps made to
protect the king. They had every kind of defense known to
medieval man. From murder holes, to arrow-loops, a castle had it.
Medieval castles were usually built on a high rocky cliff
located by water. Castle locations were very hard to find and
sometimes months were spent looking for one. A moat was built
around the castle and was usually filled with sewage and bathroom
“goodies.” All these things played an important part in keeping
the castle strong and ready to fight.
A couple other defenses the castle had were murder holes;
soldiers would dump many things on the sieging warriors. Another
tactic was the arrow-loops; a small slender cut in the castle wall
that arrows could be shot out from but not in to. See Diagram.
Castles also had huge 20-foot walls to be protected from.
Only two-ways in or out from the wall were present. One in the
front of the castle where two iron gates had to be broken. Another
gate was located somewhere towards the back of the castle. It was
a secret gate that was very hard to find, and only the king knew
where the gate had been hidden. The gate was used during an
attack to escape from the siege.
In the middle of the castle there was a huge building called
the keep. This is where the king and queen slept, the kitchen and
armory was also located inside. The dinning quarters (the largest
room inside) was used very frequent and many employees were
assigned to it.
The castle was the heart and soul of the country. The king
and queen and all of their loyal servants were inside, running the

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Medieval Castles         Important Part         Inside         Defenses         Gate         Arrow         Ransom         Diagram         Fight        




country. That’s why villains would raid the castles for land or
money, knowing that they could hold the king and queen for
ransom.
A interesting fact about castles were the kids who’s job was
to go to a certain spot inside the castle and place the ear on the
ground listening for any sound that represented men digging. This
helped the soldiers inside the castle to dig and meet the digging
siegers.



the medieval castle Essay

1046 Words5 Pages

the medieval castle

What is a castle?
A castle is a properly fortified military residence.

Why were castles built?
Initially, they were designed and built to hold down conquered territory. They also served to intimidate and strike fear into the local peoples, were places of refuge, and places for the lords to live. They were also impressive symbols of the power and wealth of their owners.

How castles came to exist in Europe?
Castles were brought to England by William the Conqueror, when he invaded England from his homeland in France. Known as the Duke of Normandy, William invaded England in 1066 and, due to his victory in the Battle of Hastings, William was crowned the King of…show more content…

Many of the people who lived in Britain before it was conquered did not like being controlled by the king's barons, and wanted to keep control of their own lands themselves. But that was not possible, because William and later kings (and queens) demanded they pay homage. Therefore, castles were built to establish the power of the king and his followers, and to keep the people from regaining control of their own lands. These first knights and barons, followers of William the Conqueror, were known as the
Normans, and were a very powerful lot. They built castles almost everywhere in Britain, hundreds of which still survive. Stone castles were built for stability and to symbolize the power of the lords of the kingdom. Even if the king did not order a particular castle to be built for his use, he still retained the ability to seize any of his lords' castles if they displeased him or if the king had a special reason to want to use it.

What features made stone castles stable and able to withstand battle?
* The walls were very thick, anywhere between 8 and 20 feet in thickness, so they could withstand bombings or battering from a battering ram, or another seige machine like a catapult.
* Originally, towers were simple square-shapes, easy to build but also easy to topple down. One of the smartest ways that a tower was pulled down was a method known as undermining. An enemy's soldiers would dig a tunnel under one corner of a tower, prop it up with wood, and

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